Incense Route

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See Subject Home > Incense Route

circa 100 CE

Colonnade street in ancient city of Petra

The City of Petra, built by Nabateans, stood halfway between the opening to the Gulf of Akaba and the Dead Sea at a point where the Incense Route from Arabia to Damascus was crossed by the overland route from Petra to Gaza.

Petra National Trust

circa 629 CE


A 5th century Byzantine basilica near Adulis port, excavated in 1914 CE.

circa 629 CE

Leuke Kome (meaning, "white village") was a Nabataean port city located on the Incense Route.

circa 500 CE

Madain Saleh

circa 500 CE



Mecca possible? Speculated at best.


Duma al-Jandal? Speculated at best.


Timna, Yemen?




Myos Hormos


Berenice Troglodytica


With a significant agricultural basin, Coptos port on the Nile was established at the mouth of one of the main tracks connecting the Valley to the Red Sea, the Wadi Hammamat, road that also allows access to popular mineral deposits ancient. For four millennia, the city has been a thriving economic center.


Remains of an old lighthouse at Muza

Muza was an important Red Sea Port, it was a busy trading port during Nabatean and Roman era. It might have been one of the ports used by Muslim Migrants to cross Red Sea and reach Aksum.

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