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APA (7th Ed.)
Greece. Madainproject.com. (2023). Editors, Retrieved on November 29, 2023, from https://madainproject.com/greece
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Greece. Madainproject.com, 2023, https://madainproject.com/greece. Accessed 29 November 2023.
Intext citation: ("Greece - Madain Project (en)")
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Ancient Greece was a civilization that flourished from around 800 BCE to 500 CE and had a profound impact on Western culture. The ancient Greeks are known for their achievements in politics, philosophy, science, and the arts. They were a maritime people and their ships enabled them to establish colonies throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions.
The political system of ancient Greece was made up of small city-states, each with its own government. The most famous of these city-states was Athens, which is known for its democratic system of government. The philosopher Aristotle tutored Alexander the Great, who went on to conquer much of the ancient world and spread Greek culture far and wide.
Ancient Greece, a cradle of Western civilization, thrived from the 8th century BCE to the 4th century BCE. During this remarkable period, Greece was home to a collection of influential city-states, each with its own distinct character and governance. The likes of Athens, the birthplace of democracy, and Sparta, renowned for its military prowess, stood out. This era witnessed profound intellectual advancements with legendary philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle shaping the foundations of Western philosophy. Greek art and architecture flourished, exemplified by iconic structures like the Parthenon, while the birth of theater gave rise to playwrights like Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides.
The 5th century BCE marked the pinnacle of Classical Greece, often referred to as the Golden Age. Under the leadership of Pericles, Athens emerged as a cultural and intellectual epicenter. This era produced timeless works in literature, including the epics of Homer and the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides. The Olympic Games became a symbol of Greek unity and athleticism. It was a time of flourishing creativity, where art, sculpture, and pottery reached unprecedented heights, leaving a profound legacy that continues to inspire the world today.
The Hellenistic period that followed, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, extended Greek culture far and wide, blending it with diverse civilizations across Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean. Greek ideas, language, and art left an indelible imprint on the world, creating a fusion of cultures known as Hellenistic civilization. This period also witnessed the growth of scientific knowledge and the famous library in Alexandria. Ancient Greece's enduring legacy continues to shape modern society, from the principles of democracy and philosophy to its artistic and architectural achievements, making it a timeless beacon of human achievement and creativity.
Perched atop a hill overlooking the azure waters of the Aegean Sea, the remarkable archaeological site of Rhodes Acropolis beckons travelers and historians alike to explore its grandeur, with a history dating back to antiquity. Read more
The sanctuary of Delphi, with its magnificent Temple of Apollo and the renowned Oracle of Delphi, served as a spiritual and cultural hub for centuries, drawing pilgrims, leaders, and philosophers from across the Mediterranean. Read more
This ancient citadel, situated on the island's eastern coast, encapsulates centuries of history, embodying the legacies of the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Knights of Saint John and Ottomans who have left their mark on this breathtaking site. Read more
The caryatids are located on the porch of the Erechtheion, which is known as the "Porch of the Maidens". This porch is supported by six columns in the form of the caryatids, each of whom is carved in high relief and depicts a young woman wearing a flowing dress. The caryatids are each unique, with individual facial expressions and different details in their clothing and hair. These caryatids, six in total, are carved in the likeness of young women and are depicted wearing long, flowing dresses.
This sacred sanctuary, surrounded by verdant forests and rolling hills, was the birthplace of the ancient Olympic Games, which originated in 776 BCE. The heart of Olympia is its ancient stadium, an earthen track where Greek athletes competed. Read more
The archaeological site of ancient Acropolis of Athens encapsulates not only the splendor of Greek antiquity but also the profound influence of this ancient civilization on art, philosophy, democracy, and the very foundations of Western civilization. Read more
This legendary city, with its imposing Cyclopean walls, regal Lion Gate entrance and extensive mythical connections, is believed to have been a powerful and influential center of the Mycenaean civilization during the late Bronze Age. Read more
As the largest and best-preserved of all the Minoan palaces, Knossos offers a unique glimpse into a civilization that flourished between 2000 and 1450 BCE, predating the great civilizations of Mycenae and Troy. Its intricate layout, sophisticated architectural design, and the wealth of artifacts unearthed from its labyrinthine corridors have rewritten the history books and shed light on the astonishing achievements of the Minoans.
The city-state of Athens, flourishing during the classical era of Greece, introduced the world to the foundations of democracy, where citizens actively engaged in civic affairs, laying the groundwork for modern democratic systems. Dominating the cityscape, the Acropolis, an iconic rocky hill adorned with magnificent temples, epitomizes the grandeur of classical Greek architecture.
Revered as the mythological birthplace of Apollo and Artemis, the island of ancient Delos was considered sacred in antiquity and served as a bustling religious and commercial center. At its zenith during the Hellenistic period, Delos was home to a vibrant multicultural community.
Thessaloniki, also known as Thessalonica, Saloniki, Salonika, or Salonica, was founded in 315 BCE by Cassander of Macedon, who named it after his wife Thessalonike, daughter of Philip II of Macedon and sister of Alexander the Great. Today the modern city of Thessalonica is the capital of the geographic region of Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Ancient Brauron, situated in the eastern part of Attica in Greece, was dedicated to the worship of the goddess Artemis, particularly in her role as the protector of young girls and the guardian of childbirth. The heart of ancient Brauron was its sanctuary dedicated to Artemis Brauronia.
The ancient city of Thera, established around the 9th century BCE, was a bustling Minoan settlement that thrived for several centuries. Around 1600 BCE, a catastrophic volcanic eruption reshaped the island's landscape, causing a massive caldera to form.
Ancient Epidaurus, located on the eastern coast of the Peloponnese in Greece, is an archaeological site that bears witness to the splendor of the ancient Greek world and its profound influence on medicine, theater, and culture.
With origins tracing back to ancient Greece, the historic Acrocorinth fortress, evolved into a formidable stronghold during the Roman era, and its fortifications continued to expand through the Byzantine, Medieval, and Ottoman periods. Within its imposing walls, a rich tapestry of history unfolds, with remnants of temples, churches, cisterns, mosques, and defensive structures.
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