Great Ziggurat (Ur) (Kasdim)

The Great Ziggurat of Ur is a Neo-Sumerian ziggurat in what was the city of Ur near Nasiriyah, in present-day Dhi Qar Province, Iraq. The structure was built during the Early Bronze Age (21st century BCE) but had crumbled to ruins by the 6th century BCE of the Neo-Babylonian period, when it was restored by King Nabonidus.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 2100 BCE The partially reconstructed facade of the Great Ziggurat. Ziggurat was part of temple complex, built in 2100 BCE by King Ur-Nammu who dedicated in honour of Nanna/Sîn and rebuilt in 600 BC by Nabonidus and was dedicated to moon god Nanna. The remains of the ziggurat consist of a three-layered solid mass of mud brick faced with burnt bricks set in bitumen.
c. 2100 BCE An artistic impression of life in the ancient city of Ur with the Ziggurat at the center and the Temple of moon god at the top coloured blue. The massive step pyramid measured 64m (210 ft) in length, 45m (148 ft) in width and over 30m (98 ft) in height, height is speculative. N/A
c. 2100 BCE The remains of Dub-Lal-Makh, a small temple situated at Ziggurat Railing in the eastern angle that subtends ziggurat. The temple consists of two rooms one internal and was a little bit higher than the other room and represented a place for divine isolation or solitude. Originally the temple was an entrance to the passage that leads to the temple of mood deity atop the great ziggurat. N/A
c. 2100 BCE Approaching the summit via the central staircase, these monumental stairs lead only to the lowest course of the facade and were rebuilt on the orders of Saddam Hussein. N/A
c. 2100 BCE The great Ziggurat as it stood in 1920s, was first discovered by William Loftus in 1850 and first excavations were conducted by John George Taylor. The site was extensively excavated in the 1920s by Sir Leonard Woolley in the period of 1922 to 1934. The lowest layer corresponds to the original construction of Ur-Nammu, while the two upper layers are part of the Neo-Babylonian restorations. N/A
c. 2100 BCE The western exposure of the Great Ziggurat N/A
c. 2100 BCE Aerial view of the Ziggurat at ancient Babylon, with the modern reconstructions of the lowest level, facade and the access staircases. At the top the partially reconstructed fundations of the second level are also visible. The remains of the surrounding structure can also be seen in the background. N/A
c. 2100 BCE A brick stamped with the name of Ur-Nammu of Ur, the builder of the Great Ziggurat. The lighter part on the right is reconstructed. Neo-Sumerian Period. Erbil Civilization Museum, Iraqi Kurdistan. N/A
Latest Update: July 21, 2018
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