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Goliath (جالوت) appears in chapter 2 of the Quran (II: 247–252), in the narrative of David and Saul's battle against the Philistines. Called "Jalut" in Arabic, Goliath's mention in the Quran is concise, though it remains a parallel to the account in the Hebrew Bible.


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circa 1000 BCE

Muslim scholars have tried to trace Goliath's origins, most commonly with the Amalekites. Jalut, in early scholarly tradition, became a kind of byword or collective name for the oppressors of the Israelite nation before David. Muslim tradition sees the battle with the Philistines as a prefiguration of Muhammad's battle of Badr, and sees Jalut as parallel to the enemies that the Prophet faced.

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