Gates of Nineveh

The ruins of Nineveh are surrounded by the remains of a massive stone and mudbrick wall dating from about 700 BCE, about 12 km in length. There are about five gateways that have been explored to some extent by archaeologists.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 575 BCE Translated "Gate of the Watering Places", Mishqi Gate it was perhaps used to take livestock to water from the Tigris which currently flows about 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) to the west. It has been reconstructed in fortified mudbrick to the height of the top of the vaulted passageway.
c. 575 BCE Named for the god Nergal, the Nergal Gate may have been used for some ceremonial purpose, as it is the only known gate flanked by stone sculptures of winged bull-men (lamassu). The reconstruction is conjectural, as the gate was excavated by Layard in the mid-19th century and reconstructed in the mid-20th century.
c. 575 BCE Adad Gate was named for the god Adad. There was some attempt of reconstruction in the 1960s which left some of the original Assyrian construction exposed. Unfortunately around April 13, 2016, ISIL demolished both the gate and the adjacent wall by flattening them with a bulldozer.
c. 575 BCE Excavated in the 19th century the Shamash Gate was named for the Sun god Shamash, it opens to the road to Erbil. Its size and design suggest it was the most important gate in Neo-Assyrian times. The stone retaining wall and part of the mudbrick structure were reconstructed in the 1960s and has significantly deteriorated.
c. 575 BCE Exploratory excavations of the Halzi Gate were undertaken here by the University of California expedition of 1989–1990. There is an outward projection of the city wall, though not as pronounced as at the Shamash Gate. The entry passage had been narrowed with mudbrick to about 2 metres (7 ft) as at the Adad Gate. Human remains from the final battle of Nineveh were found in the passageway.
Latest Update: July 22, 2018
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