Five major gates lead entry into the modern Sacred Mosque, along these five major gates there are several other minor gates as well. The gates bear the name of significant people, incidents and places throughout history, a few gates are named after political individuals as well. Originally there were no actual architectural installations as "gates" merely the passages to the area of al-Haram, and these passages were named after tribes living near by
Bab-i Fatah (gate of victory) is located on the southern side of the Haram Complex. According to an unverified tradition it is the site from which prophet Muhammad entered the city of Mecca on the day of Meccan Conquest, hence the name "Gate of Victory".
Bab-i Safa (Safa Gate; gate number 11), is on of the five major Gates of Masjid al-Haram. It is located on the northern side of the Masjid Haram complex. Modern day Bab e Safa provides direct access to the start of the Masa'a area. Modern day bab e Safa also provides access to upper floors of the Masa'a starting point. Close to the starting point of Jabl e Safa, a scooter service is also available for the elderly who cannot perform Sai on foot.
Latest reconstruction of Malik abd ul-Aziz Gate, which is located at the Yemenite corner of the Masjid al-Haram complex, opposite Ajyad Street. The recent reconstruction of the gate is a drastic deviation of typical architecture of the Masjid al-Haram. The gate has distintly square-features as compared to it's predecessor, and displays a more modern look rathern than familiar Saudi architecture which evolved from the Ottoman architecture of the Great Mosque.
Bab al-Umrah (Umrah Gate), according to a tradition prophet Muhammad entered into Mecca for the purpose of Umrah (his last Umrah), in April of year 629 CE.
Bab al-Fahad (King Fahad Gate), is located on the eastern edge of the al-Haram Complex and provides access to the eastern outer prayer area of the mosque. It was installed during the second Saudi expansion project carried out between 1982-1988 CE. Two minarets were constructed on either sides of the three portal gate.
Bab-i Medina (Medina Gate) is named after the city of Medina as it is located in the same direction.
Bab ul-Quds is located on the
Bab-i Umer (Omer Gate)
Bab-i Qureysh (Quraish Gate) is named after the Quraish tribe of Mecca, the tribe of prophet Muhammad. It is located on the northern end of the Masa'a, and provides access to the al-Marwah area.
Bab-i Mina (Mina Gate)
Bab-i 'Arafah ('Arafat Gate)
Bab al-Muhassib (Muhassib Gate)
Bab al-Marwah (al-Marwah Gate), looking towards Safa from outside Marwah Gate.
Bab al-Mu'alah (Mu'alah Gate)
Bab al-Hujoon (al-Hujoon Gate)
Baab-As-Salaam (Arabic باب السلام), pronounced as "bāb assalām", is one of the gates at the Masjid-al-Haram at Makkah-Al-Mukkarammah. This phrase in Arabic when literally translated into English means "Gate of Peace". This gate is located in the stretch between Mount Safa and Marwaah, closer to Mount Marwah. Also called the door of the sons of Sheybah in relation to Shaybah bin Othman, who lived near the Kaaba and was next to his house.
Bab al-Nabi (Gate of the Prophet), No. 14, is named for Prophet Muhammad. The gate of the prophet is located on the eastern flank of the great mosque, between the bab e Abi Qubais and Bab e 'Ali. It is located close to the al-Safa area.
Bab-i 'Abbas (the Gate of 'Abbas) is named after the paternal uncle and companion of prophet Muhammad, Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib. It is located on the eastern flank of the Masjid Haram, between the Bab e 'Ali and Bab e Bani Shaybah, and provides access to Mas'sa.
Bab-i 'Ali (Gate of 'Ali) on the eastern bank of the Sayee Gallery, it is used for the funerals as well. It is named after Ali ibn abi Talib, first of the Muslims to accept Islam and son-in-law of prophet Muhammad. Bab e Ali is located on the eastern flank of the mosque between the Bab e Nabi (Prophet's Gate) and Bab e 'Abbas. It provides access to the Ramal area of Mas'a.
Bab-i Bani Hashim (Gate of Bani Hashim),
Bab-i Dar ul-Arqam (Gate of Arqam's House), the small portal to the right is the Bab e 'Ali. The Gate of Dar ul-Arqam is also located east of Masa'a, and also provides access to the upper levels of the Sa'i Gallery via electric escalators. It is named after Arqam ibn Abi'l-Arqam (c. 597-675 CE), a companion of prophet Muhammad. He was the owner of the house where the early Muslim community held its meetings.
Bab-i Hunain (Gate of Hunain) is located in the southern facade of the Masjid al-Haram. It is named after the town of Hunayn, which is located close to the city of Tai'f in Saudi Arabia. The Bab Hunayn is located between Bab e Bilal and Bab Ismael.
Bab-i Bilal (Gate of Bilal) is located on the southern flank of Masjid al-Haram. It is named after the nobel companion and Muazzin of Prophet Muhammad Bilal ibn Rabaha al-Habashi.