Jibraeel Gate (Bab Jibraeel)

By the Editors of the Madain Project

The bab Jibraeel (باب جبريل), situated on the eastern side of the Ottoman Prayer Hall, is one of the 43 gates of Masjid an-Nabawi. This gate/door derives its significance and name from an Islamic Tradition, according to which the gate was used by the Jibraeel (angel Gabriel) to enter the Masjid an-Nabawi (Prophet's Mosque).


It is one of the older gates of the mosque, however, it is not certain when this gate was originally installed.

Over the centuries the gate has been reconstructed several times by the Muslim rulers. Before the Saudi era it was last renovated as part of the larger reconstruction program of the entire mosque. The current architectural design of Bab Jibraeel retains previous style of construction by sultan 'Abdul Majeed. It is one of the major and historic gates of Masjid an-Nabawi.

The Bab Jibraeel, one of the three eastern gates of the Ottoman Masjid Nabawi, is located between the Bab al-Baqi to the south and Bab ul-Nisa (partially visible to the right) to the north.

Bab Jibraeel, Masjid al-Nabawi

Description of the Door Structure


Calligraphic Inscriptions
The facade bears two inscriptions one is linear (top) and one is circular (lintel). The top inscription reads; Surah at-Tehrim verse 5; ...indeed Allah is his protector, and Gabriel and the righteous of the believers and the angels, moreover, are [his] assistants. The second inscription (circular) is first verse of Surah Fatiha; [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds.


Gate Interior
Bab Jibreel (far right) from with in the mosque with with modern Suffah platform in the foreground. This is not the original location of al-Suffah, which has moved significantly towards east during several reconstructions and expansions of the prophet's mosque. Bab un-Nisa (gate of the women) is also visible partially in the far background (center).

Nearby Structures


Bab Jibraeel, Masjid al-Nabawi

Historic Funerary Enclosure
Bab Jibreel (right) with maqam ul-Janyez (left). It is located closest to the Bab e Fatimah (the sole entrance to the Maqsoorah; left). It is a single arched gate, dating back to the first Saudi expansion, and the facade of the gate is flanked with two pillars. The door panels are also originals from first Saudi expansion by Saud bin Abdulaziz.


Bab Jibraeel, Masjid al-Nabawi


See Also

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