Exhibition of the Two Holy Mosques' Architecture (Makkah Museum)

Nestled amid the hills of Mecca’s Umm Al-Joud area, not far from the Kiswa factory. The exhibition is divided into seven sections and includes artefacts dating back to the era of Abdullah ibn Zubair, circa 685 CE/65 Hj. Established in 1999 by the late Prince Abdul Majeed, governor of Mecca, the museum project cost more than SR 15 million. Some photographs, given as a gift by the late Crown Prince Sultan, are worth SR 10 million.

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circa 2000 CE
(1378 Hj.)

The main entrance to the complex.

circa 1580 CE
(958 Hj.)

Brass head of the pulpit made during the reign of Sultan Suleiman al-Qanoony, circa 10th century Hejrah.

circa 1635 CE
(1023 Hj.)

A replica of the sundial used to calculate the prayer timings and the age of the day. It was a mid-day timer used to determine prayer times before the printing of Hijri Calendar.

circa 1882 CE
(1299 CE)

Cassing of Maqam-i Ibrahim used up until the time of King Fahad bin Abdul Aziz.

circa 1254 CE
(631 Hj.)

Inscription on marble slab, marking the date for the construction of the Mataf during the reign of Abbaid caliph abi Ja'far al-Mansur al-Muntasir Billah in the year 611 Hj.

circa 1825 CE
(1240 Hj.)

A teak-wood stair case, used to enter Kaba, is placd near the main entrance to the museum complex.

circa 1402 CE
(804 Hj.)

An inscription on marble marking the date of the construction of the door and parts of the Holy Mosque that were damaged by fire during the reign of the Mamluk Sultan An-Nasir Faraj bin Bargog in 804H (1402).

circa 1882 CE
(1300 Hj.)

Mouth-piece of Bir e Zam Zam (ZamZam Well) with outer ring and covering. The pully at the top dates back to the end of the fourteenth century Hijrah (circa. 1970 CE). The bucket made of brass dates back to the early decade of fourteenth century Hijrah (circa. 1900 CE).

circa 1590 CE
(998 Hj.)

The door panels of an Ottoman era pulpit in Prophet's Mosque, made at the orders of Sultan Murad III.

circa

A copy of Mushaf e Uthmani (Quran bearing the blood of third caliph Uthman) produced during Era of Uthman ibn Affan.

circa 1881 CE
(1299 Hj.)

Six marble tiles on which are engraved the word "Allah" the name of the Prophet Muhammad and the names of the Four Caliphs may Allah be pleased with them dating back to 1299 Hijrah.

circa 1859 CE
(1277 Hj.)

Front piece of brass fixture panel bearing one of the verses from Qur'an, it was affixed at the space between the Minbar and Mehrab at the Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina.

circa 1892 CE
(1309 Hj.)

Lock and key of the Holy Kaaba 1309H (1892) made during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II.

circa 1200 CE
(580 Hj.)

A door panel of Ka'ba dating back to the circa 1200 CE.

circa 1606 CE
(984 Hj.)

Marble arch facade to one of the doors to the Masjid al-Haram dating back to the tenth century Hejrah.

circa 1895 CE
c. 1273 Hj.

Meezaab e Rehmah, the gutter of Ka'bah, made of wood and platted with gold from outside and with lead from the inside. It bears the name of Sultan Mahmud Khan son of Sultan Abdul Hamid Khan.

circa 1575 CE
(983 Hj.)

Inscriptions on stone recording the contributions of the Mamluk Sultan Abu Said Jaqmaq 852H (1448) and a marble slab engraved with the name of the Ottoman Sultan Murad III 983H (1575).

circa 687 CE
(65 Hj.)

A severly deteriorated section of one of the Bait ul-Allah's three interior pillars, dating back to the time of Abdullah ibn Zubair circa 65 Hj.

circa 687 CE
c. 65 Hj.

One of the Ka’bah’s immense wooden columns employed by Abdullah b. al-Zubayr, post the destruction of Mosque in the civil war with Umayyads, is still preserved in a Museum of the architecture of the two Holy Mosques in Makkah.

circa 687 CE
c. 65 Hj.

A colorful map of al-Masjid al-Haram from the early Ottoman period. From: Mirza, Mi’raj, Atlas Khara’it Makkah al-Mukarramah.

circa 1575 CE
(983 Hj.)

The Bismalah and the two Suras of An-Nas and Al-Falaq engraved on Ash-Shumaisi molding to the twelfth century of the Hijrah.

circa 1950 CE
(1370 Hj.)

External curtain of Kabah's door

circa 1950 CE
(1370 Hj.)

A goat skin used for carrying water from an undated period.

circa 1881 CE
(1299 Hj.)

Crescent belonging to one of the Minarets of the Masjid al-Nabawi.

circa 1950 CE
(1370 Hj.)

A door belonging to Prophet's Mosque, dating back to the reign of King Abdul Aziz al-Saud

circa 1943 CE
(1363 Hj.)

A door of Qiblah, dating back to the reign of King Abdul Aziz al-Saud.

circa 1943 CE
(1363 Hj.)

Old metal coins taken from ZamZam Well during cleaning from different periods.

circa 1606 CE
(984 Hj.)

Inscrption recording the construction of the Masjid al-Haram dating back to the tenth century Hejrah, starting during the reign of Sultan Seliim and ending during the reign of his son Sultan Murad.

circa 1890 CE
(1258 Hj.)

Four marble tiles with engraved verses of poetry recording the contribution of Sultan Abdul Majeed I to the Holy Mosque dating back to the mid thirteenth century.

circa 1520 CE
c. (901 Hj.)

A slab of al-Shumaisi stone, bearing the name of memluk Sultan Qaitabey, dated back to the early sixteenth century. The inscription is inside a disc which in turn is surrounded by interlaced floral patterns. The Sultan al-Ashraf Qa’it Bey was one of the most active Mamluks in affecting and influencing the urban fabric, not only of the holy city of Mecca, but also the city of the Prophet Muhammad, Medina, which, too, was a pilgrimage site.

circa 1600 CE
(980 Hj.)

One of smaller arched "Muqqarans" of Bab e Safa dating back to 1600 CE removed during the early twentieth century, and placed here in 2000 CE. It is surprisingly similar to the Cotton Merchant's Gate of al-Aqsa Compund.

circa 1695 CE
(1073 Hj.)

One of smaller arched "Muqqarans" of Bab e Safa dating back to 1600 CE removed during the early twentieth century, and placed here in 2000 CE. It is surprisingly similar to the Cotton Merchant's Gate of al-Aqsa Compund.

circa

Marble slab recording the deeds of the Ottoman Sultan Muhammad IV bin Ibrahim I dating back to the eleventh century Hijrah.

circa 1606 CE
(984 Hj.)

Marble slab recording the deeds of the Ottoman Sultan Muhammad IV bin Ibrahim I dating back to the eleventh century Hijrah.

circa 1606 CE
(984 Hj.)

Marble arch facade to one of the doors to the Masjid al-Haram dating back to the tenth century Hejrah.

circa

Old cassings of Hajr e Aswad removed during the several renovations of Holy Mosque in Mecca. Cassing belonging to first Saudi renovation (left) and Sultan Murad's era (right).

circa

An inscription on a marble pillar dating the building of one of the minarets of al-Masjid al-Haram to 772 AH/ 1370 CE during the rule of the Mamluki Sultan Sha’ban b. Husayn.

circa

Few of the old rings and weights to hold the Kiswa around Bait ul-Allah.

circa

Six piece engrave iron board bearing the verses from Quran, that used to be affixed with one of the walls of Ka'abah.

circa

Fragrence table kept inside the Ka'abah.

circa 1924 CE
(1312 Hj.)

A brass urn used to fetch water from the well of Zam Zam (Bir e ZamZam).

circa 2000 CE
c. 1378 Hj.

A piece of Kiswa (covering of the holy Ka'ba) named "Qindeel", it bears the engraved first verse of al-Fatiha (first chapter of Quran) "Al-Hamd ul-Lillah e Rabb-il 'Aalameen" (Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe).

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