Arch of Hadrian (Ecce Homo Arch)

Hadrian's Arch also known as the Ecce Homo Arch was an impressive triple arched Roman gateway traditionally believed to be the location of Pontius Pilate's Ecce Homo speech, reported by the Bible. The arch was built in the 2nd century CE during the time of Emperor Hadrian, as the entrance gate leading into the Roman Forum (the public square) of Aelia Capitolina.

circa 150 CE

As it was originally a triumph arch it may have looked something like Arch of Constantine in Rome. Today only the middle large arch is partially visible from the street, known as the Ecce Homo Arch this is the central span of what was originally a triple-arched gateway. It supports a small room with barred windows. It was similar in purpose to the Arch of Titus in Rome commemorating the AD 70 victory over the Jews.

circa 150 CE

The reconstruction of the Ecce Homo Arch, the remains of the original arch are shown here in dark bricks. The smaller arch on the left is today a part of Church of Ecce Homo. The right side arch was incorporated into a monastery for Uzbek dervishes in the Order of the Golden Chain, but this was later demolished, taking the arch with it.

circa 150 CE

The northernmost small arch integrated in the Basilica of Ecce Homo, originally it would have allowed access in to the forum of Hadrian. The arch continues through the wall of the convent chapel, where the smaller northern arch (pictured here) now frames the tabernacle, under a Byzantine cross on a gilded mosaic backdrop.

circa 150 CE

The reconstruction of the Hadrian's Arch and the surrounding buildings as it might have looked in the year 135 CE. The reconstruction shows the Ecce Homo Arch and the Lithostrotos (gabbatha) which was built over the area where the Struthion Pool was located, Hadrian installed a vaulted ceiling over the pool to allow the construction of his forum plaza.

circa 150 CE

Ecce Homo Arch, 1864, Ordnance Survey of Jerusalem, James McDonald. Traditionally, the arch was said to have been part of the gate of Herod’s Antonia Fortress, which itself was alleged to be the location of Jesus’ trial by Pontius Pilate. However, since the late 1970’s, archaeologists have established that the arch was a triple-arched gateway built by Hadrian. It served as the eastern entrance of the Forum of Aelia Capitolina located to the west of the main north-south cardo.


Via Dolorosa inscription under the Arch of Ecce Homo (originally built by Hadrian in 135 CE). The processional was is called by several names, most commonly known naes are "Way of Grief," "Way of Sorrow," "Way of Suffering" or simply "Painful Way". The following enlists the stations of the current Via Dolorosa, in sequence. According to tradition, this is the site Pilate presented Jesus to the enraged jewish crowds.

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