Damascus Gate

Damascus Gate (Arabic: باب العامود‎, translit. Bāb al-ʿĀmūd, Hebrew: שער שכם‬, Sha'ar Sh'khem) is one of the main entrances to the Old City of Jerusalem. In its current form, the gate was built in 1537 under the rule of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 1537 CE Damascus Gate is flanked by two towers, each equipped with machicolations. It is located at the edge of the Arab bazaar and marketplace in the Muslim Quarter. Accessing the gate from outside the stairs descend towards the gate. N/A
c. 1537 CE Damascus Gate in 1856, located along the northern wall, between Bab al-Zahira and Bab al-Jadid. N/A
c. 1537 CE Interior of the western tower, both towers have pointed arches built with small stones in the Ottoman style. N/A
c. 1537 CE Interior N/A
c. 1537 CE The remains of an earlier gate can be seen, dating back to the time of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who rebuilt the city 135 CE. Originally built as a free-standing triumphal gate it had three arches, today only the eastern most smaller arch remains and leads to the Roman Plaza. N/A
c. 1537 CE Hadrian's Roman gate circa 135 CE was built as a free-standing triumphal gate, and only sometime towards the end of the 3rd or the very beginning of the 4th century were there protective walls built around Jerusalem, connecting to the existing gate. In the square behind this gate stood a Roman victory column topped by a statue of Emperor. This historical detail is preserved in the current gate's Arabic name, Bab el-Amud, meaning "gate of the column". N/A
Latest Update: October 05, 2018
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