Barclay's Gate

Barclay's Gate lies under the Moroccans' Gate and is one of the Temple Mount's original gates. Its Arabic name is Bab an-Nabi, "Gate of the Prophet [Muhammad]" (see Le Strange, Palestine Under the Moslems p. 189) - not to be confused with the Triple Gate, which has the same Arabic name. It is a closed gate from the time of second temple in the Western Wall of Haram al-Sharif.

circa

The reverse L-shaped feature [identify] in the left wall is the Barclay's lintel. James Turner Barclay discovered it from its inner side, within the Temple Mount, in 1852. Several researchers identified it as one of the Second Temple period gates, possibly the Coponius Gate, which is mentioned in Jewish and Christian sources of the period. This large stone (which looks like a square) is itself about 21 feet long, 6.5 feet wide and weighs 50 tons.

circa 710 CE

al-Buraq Mosque, Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount)

The gate (arched roof to the left) was blocked with stones at the end of the 10th century and the internal gate room was transformed into a mosque dedicated to Buraq. Today the room is closed and entrance to it is prohibited without the approval of the Waqf. Interior of the main prayer hall of the mosque circa 1940 CE, the earlist mention about this mosque was by Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi in 1689 CE. The lintel of Barclay's gate can be seen to the left below the arch. This arch was the roof to one of the four large second temple era gates, mentioned by Josephus.

circa 710 CE

al-Buraq Mosque, Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount)

Two men sitting next to lintel of Barclay's Gate in the W wall of the Temple Mount, Jerusalem. This a cropped albumen print made from Phillips' original negative (whereabouts unknown), mounted on card. The old gateway, now known as "Barclay's gateway", is beyond any doubt one of those by which the temple precincts were entered during the time of Herod the Great. The fine passage still exists, partly as a mosque, partly as a cistern. The two figures are those of men connected with the excavation".

circa 710 CE

East-wast view of the gate's interior, the stairs to the left may have been in reverse. After the Six-Day War, the Israel Religious Affairs Ministry and Prof. Benjamin Mazar, who was at the time conducting the dig outside the southern wall of the Temple Mount, planned to uncover this gate, but they were prevented from doing so by both Jewish and Muslim religious leaders. The gate essentially holds dual identity, from outside the Temple Mount walls it's known as Barclay’s Gate or possiblly Herodian Coponius Gate, from within the Temple Mount it's known as Masjid al-Buraq.

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circa 710 CE

Barclay’s Gate

Phases of the Temple Mount's expansions over time, with Barclay’s Gate (illustration) next (north) to the Robinson's Arch in the western wall. The modern day “al-Buraq” Mosque “built into the vaulted internal gate passage of Barclay’s Gate.” For further information about the gate, see: J.T.Barclay, The City of the Great King...", Philadelphia, 1958, page 281. See the reconstruction of the original size of the gate on page 28 of K. and L. Ritmeyer, "Reconstructing Herod's Temple Mount in Jerusalem".

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