Avdat (عبدة), also known as Abdah and Ovdat and Obodat, is a site of a ruined Nabataean city in the Negev desert. It was the most important city on the Incense Route after Petra, between the 1st century BCE and the 7th century CE. It was founded in the 3rd century BCE, and inhabited by Nabataeans, Romans, and Byzantines.
Why we're running ads?
The Madain Project is a very unique resource of Abrahamic History & Archaeology; reaching more than half a million readers a month. Until February 2021 all the operational and management costs were being paid by the volunteers working on the project. But, the increase in the userbase and the overall costs of servers and other services and equipment that are needed to remain live forced us to look for other avenues of inflow.
We apologise about it.
We apologise for the inconvenience that ads bring to your reading experience; we're working on a membership model for the Madain Project which will provide you with an absolute ads-free reading.
Right now we need your help. Please Donate.
As of now, we rely on donations from patrons like you to supplement the funding and keep the Madain Project website up and running. Your contribution will help us cover the costs of maintaining and improving our website, creating new educational content, and reaching even more enthusiasts around the world.
APA (7th Ed.)
Avdat. Madainproject.com. (2022). Editors, Retrieved on November 29, 2023, from https://madainproject.com/avdat
Intext citation: ("Avdat - Madain Project (en)", 2022)
MLA (8th Ed.)
Avdat. Madainproject.com, 2022, https://madainproject.com/avdat. Accessed 29 November 2023.
Intext citation: ("Avdat - Madain Project (en)")
"Avdat." 2022. Madain Project. https://madainproject.com/avdat.
Intext citation: ("Avdat - Madain Project (en)")
How to copy: Click the citation text to copy it to the clipboard.
Note: Always review your references and make any necessary corrections before using. Pay attention to names, capitalization, and dates. If you need to mention authors, you can add "the Editors of the Madain Project".
Use a citation tool.
The Madain Project owns the copyright to the Madain Project (en) including (i) the artwork and design of the www.madainproject.com website (Madain Project Website); and (ii) all electronic text and image files, audio and video clips on the Madain Project Website (MP Material) excluding material which is owned by other individuals or organizations as indicated.
Users who would like to make commercial use of Madain Project Material must contact us with a formal written request (i) identifying the MP Material to be used; and (ii) describing the proposed commercial use. Madain Project will review such requests and provide a written response. The Madain Project reserves the right to charge a fee for any approved commercial use of Madain Project Materials.
The Madain Project has an extensive archive of photographs, which is only partially featured on our website. If you cannot find the photographs you're looking for; just send us an email detailing the required site, structure or even illustration. The archives department will definitely assist you in finding the best possible image for your new project.
Avdat was a seasonal camping ground for Nabataean caravans travelling along the early Petra–Gaza road (Darb es-Sultan) in the 3rd – late 2nd century BCE. The city's original name was changed to Avdat in honor of Nabataean King Obodas I, who, according to tradition, was revered as a deity and was buried there.
The southern church was part of a Byzantine monastery of Saint Theodoros. It is located on the south-west side of the city. According to an inscriptions found on the floor of the church, it dates to the 6th and 7th century CE. The southern church is a three-aisled pillared basilica with three apses. The apses are located on its eastern side (as all ancient churches). The central apse, where the main altar stands.
Beyond the upper city wall and the is a vast area of ruins, which is still undergoing archaeological excavations and preservation. This residential quarter is dated to the Byzantine period. The quarter was first established during the Roman period, and was destroyed in an earthquake around 630 CE. The Byzantine quarter consists of a main street in the direction of south-east to north-west, directed towards the fortress which is seen in the background. The dwelling structures are built on both sides of the street. The street has a system of water channels, which direct the rain water from the roofs to collect water in the cisterns. These cisterns were the main source of water supply for the residents.
The fort with four corner towers was constructed on the ruins of early Nabataean structures north of Avdat at Horvat Ma'agora. The city fortress, located at the edge of the main street, was built also in the Byzantine period. Located west of the sacred precinct, its purpose was to protect the residents in the times of conflict. It covers an area of approximately 2500 square meters.
Temple of Oboda
The building complex known as The Temple of Oboda sits on the acropolis of the city. The temple was built as a dedication to the deified Nabataean king Obodas I. The temple dedicated to the cult of Obodas the King was built with a hard-limestone in the year 9 BCE during the reign of Obodas II. The temple is a tripartite structure: consisting of a porch, hall and adytum.
Starting in November 2023 we will be publishing a monthly newsletter / online magazine.
No spam, we promise.