al Fasah Mosque

By the Editors of the Madain Project

Remains of the masjid Fasah, also spelled al-Fas'h (مسجد الفسح), are situated at the foot of the mountain below the cave of Uhud. The Masjid al-as'h is also known as the Masjid Uhud, due to its proximity to the Mount Uhud. According to tradition on the day of Uhud battle the Prophet Muhammad and His companions had offered Dhuhr prayer here. Although the old structure of Masjid is ruined, signs of the walls and Mehrab are still visible. The Jameh Sayyed al-Shohada and the Uhud Cemetery are located about 700 meters to the south.

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Overview

Although Ghazwa Uhud took place in 625 CE, the mosque was built much later about 1000 years later. Today the nearly square structure is reduced to rubble, and only south-western corner walls are partially intact. The building is now surrounded by an iron fence to guard its sustainability. It is 4.5 km from al-Masjid an-Nabawi. According to a tradition the verse 11 of Surah Mujadilah was revealed at this site, hence the name Masjid al-Fas'h.

Brief History

circa 850 CE

Account of Urdah ibn Shabah
First definite mention of a mosque at the foot of Mount Uhud can traced back to mid-nineth century, circa 850 CE. Urdah ibn Shabah (أورده ابن شبه) (d. 876 CE / 262 Hj.), makes a mention of it in his account of Mosques Where Prophet Muhammad Prayed. Most likely the Masjid al-Fasah was originally built by Umar bin Abdul Aziz during his governorship of Madinah but the current structure is Ottoman. The mosque at this site has been constructed and destroyed several times over the centuries. Very scant details of the structure are found in the historical sources, but mostly it was a small and remote site.

circa 850 CE

Account of al-Matari
al-Matari (المطري), also mentions a mosque here, "...under the mountain of Uhud, on the Qiblah side, there is a small mosque attached to the mountain, whose construction has been destroyed." Initial construction was already destroyed and there are only few remnants of the east, west and south wall, and the mihrab mujawwaf which is still visible. It was built with the abundant black volcanic stones in the area.

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