Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel (also Abu Simbal, Ebsambul or Isambul; Arabic: أبو سنبل‎, translit. Abū Sinbal or Arabic: أبو سمبل‎, translit. Abū Simbal) is a village in the Egyptian part of Nubia, about 240 kilometers southwest of Aswan and near the border with Sudan. As of 2012, it has about 2600 inhabitants. It is best known as the site of the Abu Simbel temples.

Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 1300 BCE The facade of the great temple of Rameses II at Abu Simbel is one of the two royal temples. It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah, as well as to the deified Rameses himself, and took about twenty years to build, was completed around year 24 of the reign of Ramesses, circa 1265 BCE.
c. 1300 BCE Lesser Temple of Nefertari, also known as the Small Temple, was built about one hundred meters northeast of the temple of pharaoh Ramesses II and was dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Ramesses II's chief consort, Nefertari.
c. 1300 BCE Lake Nasser is a vast reservoir in southern Egypt and northern Sudan. It is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. The massive fortress of Buhen were flooded becuase of the creation of this lake and are now at the bottom of the lake.
Latest Update: February 17, 2015
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