Western Wall of Temple Mount

The Western wall is a remnant of Herod's grand temple, and is the most holiest site for Jews. It attracts thousands of Jewish worshippers daily, who come to pray and lay out their problems and seek for heavenly guidance. They feel the presence of God's spirit, who according to their belief resides for thousands of years in the holy temple. The western wall is believed to be the remnant of the Herod's Temple.

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Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 500 BCE Wailing Wall The Wailing wall also known in Arabic as Al-Buraq Wall is a section of the Western Wall of the Temple Mount, and is holiest site where Jews are permitted to pray. It is a relatively small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known also in its entirety as the "Western Wall". N/a
c. 500 BCE Herodian street along the western wall of the Temple Mount (Haram al-Sharif) Herodian street and shops along the western wall of the Temple Mount (Haram al-Sharif). Pile of stones from 70 CE destruction of Jerusalem can also be seen in the background.
c. 500 BCE Robinson's Arch, Temple Mount Robinson's Arch is the name given to a monumental staircase carried by an unusually wide stone arch, which once stood at the southwestern corner of the Temple Mount. It was built as part of the expansion of the Second Temple initiated by Herod the Great at the end of the 1st century BCE. N/a
c. 500 BCE The Little Western Wall, also known as HaKotel HaKatan (or just Kotel Katan) and the Small Kotel, (Hebrew: הכותל הקטן‎), is a Jewish religious site located in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem near the Iron Gate to the Temple Mount. The wall itself dates from the Second Temple period, (516 BCE – 70 CE). It is the continuation of the larger part of the Western Wall and almost exactly faces the Holy of Holies. N/a
c. 500 BCE Wilson's Arch is the modern name for the ancient stone arch whose top is still visible today, where it is supported against the Northeast corner of Jerusalem's Western Wall, so that it appears on the left to visitors facing the Wall. Women's section/balcony is visible to the top left behind the book cabinet. N/a
c. 500 BCE Cotton Merchants' Gate, Arabic: bab al-Qattanin‎, is one of the most beautiful gates that leads onto the Temple Mount. It was built by the ruler of Damascus, Tankiz, during the reign of Mamluk Sultan ibn Qalwun, as marked by an inscription over the door. N/a
c. 500 BCE Bab al-Maghribah in the western wall allows non-Muslims to enter the Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount) area via a wooden ramp. To the right is al-Buraq mosque and to the left is Madrassah al-Fakhar. It was installed in the 12th century in the Western Wall above Barclay's Gate, at the level of the Temple Mount esplanade, and named after the residents of the adjacent neighborhood N/A
c. 690 CE al-Buraq Mosque, Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount) This small structure, on the south-west corner of the Al-Aqsa compound is believed to be the place where Muhammad tied the Buraq, the winged riding animal upon which he rode during the Night of Ascension, and an iron ring attached to the wall is shown to visitors as the exact place. It is in the passage that once led to Barclay's Gate, which is at the south end of the Western Wall and has been sealed for many centuries.
c. 500 BCE The western colonnade as seen from Bab al-Maghribah, standing right in front of al-Buraq mosque. To the right in the background the Minarah Bab us-Silsilah above Bab us-Silsilah. N/A
c. The view of the Bab al-Mutahara from inside the Haram al-Sharif, it is situated a few meters to the south of Bab ul-Qattanin. (Arabic: Bab al-Matharah باب المطهرة‎), is located on the western flank.
c. It is an annex building served an assembly hall for the Fakhr al-Din Mohammad School, a madrasa built by al-Mansur Qalawun in 1282 CE, during the Mamluk era.
c. 1100 CE The facade of the Islamic Museum's building and the remains of Corinthian column capitals in the courtyard. On display are exhibits from ten periods of Islamic history encompassing several Muslim regions. The museum is located adjacent to al-Aqsa Mosque.
c. 1278 CE al-Fakhariyya minaret is located on the south-west corner of al-Aqsa compound. It is the first of the al-Aqsa minarets, it was built in 1278 on the southwestern corner of the mosque, on the orders of the Mamluk sultan Lajin, is the first of four minarets. It was named after Fakhr al-Din al-Khalili, the father of Sharif al-Din Abd al-Rahman who supervised the building's construction. It was built in the traditional Syrian style, with a square-shaped base and shaft, divided by moldings into three floors above which two lines of muqarnas decorate the muezzin's balcony. The niche is surrounded by a square chamber that ends in a lead-covered stone dome.
c. The reverse L-shaped feature in the left wall is the Barclay's lintel. Barclay's Gate lies under the Moroccans' Gate and is one of the Temple Mount's original gates. Its Arabic name is Bab an-Nabi, "Gate of the Prophet [Muhammad]" - not to be confused with the Triple Gate, which has the same Arabic name. N/A
c. Chain Gate, (Arabic: باب السلسلة‎, Bab as-Silsileh; Hebrew: Shaar HaShalshelet‎), located on the western flank, it may have been the location of the Coponius Gate which existed during the Second Temple period. N/A
c. Bab ul-Hadid as seen from inside the Haram al-Sharif, it is located directly underneath the building known as Madarasa al-Uthmani. (Arabic: Bab al-Hadid‎, Hebrew: Shaar Barzel‎) is located on the western side, near the Little Western Wall.
c. Gate of Bani Ghanim, as seen from within the Haram al-Sharif (Temple Mount). (Arabic: Bab al-Ghawanima‎), is located on the north-western corner. N/A
c. 1297 CE al-Ghawanima minaret is the second of minarets and is located on the north-western corner of the noble sanctuary in 1297-98. It is the tallest minaret of Haram al-Sharif and was built by architecht named Qazi Sharaf al-Din al Khalili on the orders of Sultan Lajin.

The minaret is almost completely made of stone except the wooden canopy over Muazzin's balcony.
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c. 1329 CE Bab al-Silsila minaret, (The Chain Gate Minaret) is located directly above the Gate of the Chain, thus named as such.

Tanzik, the Mamluk Governor of Syria ordered the construction, probably replacing an earlier Umayyad built minaret. It is built in traditional Syrian style and almost entirely of stone. The best Muazzin is assigned to this minaret since 16th century, and the first Azan is raised from this minaret.
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c. 1329 CE The Mughrabi Bridge is a wooden bridge connecting the Western Wall plaza with the Mughrabi Gate of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The Mughrabi gate is the only gate to the Temple Mount that the Waqf allows non-Muslims to use for visiting the Temple Mount complex. N/A
c. 1482 CE Madrasah al-Ashrafiyya is identified by its protruding volume into the Haram. Sultan al-Malik al-Ashraf Qaytbay (d. 1496 CE) founded al-Ashrafiyya on the same site. The builders and craftsmen, as well as the Coptic architect of al-Ashrafiyya, were all sent from Cairo to complete the building. N/A
c. 1329 CE Immediately next to the Bab al-Qattanin lie the graves of important Palestinian figures, including 'Abd al-Qadir al-Husseini, Musa Kazim Pasha al-Husseini, Faisal Husseini, the Emir Mohamed Ali, King Hussein of Hejaz N/A
Latest Update: August 21, 2017


Points of InterestPart of
Interioral-Fakhariyya Minaret · Moroccan's Gate (Bab al-Maghribah) · al-Buraq Mosque · Western Colonade · Muslim Burials · al-Ghawanima Minaret
ExteriorRobin's Arch · Moroccan's Gate (Bab al-Maghribah) · Barclay's Gate · Western Wall Plaza · Chain Gate (Bab as-Silsilah) · Warren's Gate · Chain Gate Minaret (Bab us-Silsilah Minaret) (Bab ul-Mutahara) · Gate of Cotton Merchant's Market (Bab e Suq al-Qattanin) · Iron Gate (Bab ul-Hadid) · Council Gate (Bab un-Nazir) · Gate of Bani Ghanim (Bab ul-Ghawanima) · Little Western Wall (HaKotel HaKatan)
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