Petra (The City Proper)

Known as Rekem in ancient times, it was established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was home to roughly 30,000 people and was abandoned in the year 106 CE because of reasons unknown. The city proper had a siq, walls, towers, water conduits, and cisterns.

In ancient times, Petra might have been approached from the south on a track leading across the plain of Petra, around Jabal Haroun ("Aaron's Mountain"), where the Tomb of Aaron, said to be the burial-place of Aaron, brother of Moses, is located. It was also an important stop along the Incense Route.

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Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 100 CE Great Temple of Petra The remains of the Great Temple of Petra. N/A
c. 100 CE Colonnade street in ancient city of Petra The colonnade street in city proper Petra National Trust
c. 100 BCE Temple of the WInged Lions, Petra The Temple of Winged Lions N/A
c. 100 CE Nymphaeum (Roman water fountain) at Petra The remains of the Nymphaeum Wikipedia
c. 100 BCE Qasr al-Bint, the Palace of the Pharaoh's Daughter at Petra View of Qasr al-Bint, looking south across the altar to the porch of the temple. The temple's cella is located behind the central arch. Wikipedia
c. 500 CE Blue Chapel, Petra The remains of the Blue Chapel at Wikipedia
Latest Update: May 17, 2017


Points of InterestPart of
Great Temple · Colonnade Street · Temple of Winged Lions · Nymphaeum · Qasr al-Bint · Blue Chapel · Temenos Gate · Columbrium · al-Habis Fortress · Um al-Biyara · Garden Temple Complex · Lion Monument · High Place of Sacrifice · Lion Triclinium · ad-Dier Monastery
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