Established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was home to roughly 30,000 people and was abandoned in the year 106 CE because of reasons unknown.
Petra is comprised of two sections Petra Central (the proper city) and burial tombs in and around Petra.
|City||Great Temple · Theatre · Colonnade Street · Temple of Winged Lions · Nymphaeum · Qasr al-Bint · Blue Chapel · Temenos Gate · Columbrium · al-Habis Fortress · Um al-Biyara · Garden Temple Complex · Lion Monument · High Place of Sacrifice · Lion Triclinium · ad-Dier Monastery · Dam |
|Tombs||al-Khazneh · Obelisk Tomb · Street of Facades · Urn Tomb · Silk Tomb · Corinthian Tomb · Palace Tomb · Sextus Florentinus Tomb · Turkamaniya Tomb · Roman Soldier's Tomb · Garden Temple Complex · Lion Monument · High Place of Sacrifice · Lion Triclinium · ad-Deir Monastery |