Petra

Established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it lies on the slope of Jebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblical Mount Hor) in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra was home to roughly 30,000 people and was abandoned in the year 106 CE because of reasons unknown.

Petra is comprised of two sections Petra Central (the proper city) and burial tombs in and around Petra.

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Date Landscape Notes Reference
c. 100 CE The facade of al-Khazneh (the Treasury) the iconic burial tomb at Petra. Wikipedia
c. 100 CE Colonnade street in ancient city of Petra The colonnade street, the city proper was located in the valley between Jabl e al-Khubtha and Jabl al-Madhbah on the eastern side and Jabl e Umm al-Biyara on the western side. Petra National Trust
Latest Update: December 26, 2016


Points of InterestPart of
CityGreat Temple · Theatre · Colonnade Street · Temple of Winged Lions · Nymphaeum · Qasr al-Bint · Blue Chapel · Temenos Gate · Columbrium · al-Habis Fortress · Um al-Biyara · Garden Temple Complex · Lion Monument · High Place of Sacrifice · Lion Triclinium · ad-Dier Monastery · Dam
Tombsal-Khazneh · Obelisk Tomb · Street of Facades · Urn Tomb · Silk Tomb · Corinthian Tomb · Palace Tomb · Sextus Florentinus Tomb · Turkamaniya Tomb · Roman Soldier's Tomb · Garden Temple Complex · Lion Monument · High Place of Sacrifice · Lion Triclinium · ad-Deir Monastery
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